kefalonia >> About kefalonia Island

kefalonia >> Kefalonia Island

ephalonia lies at the center of the Ionian Sea and 53 nautical miles from Patras to which is connected by ferry boat, both from the ports of Argostoli and Sami. The island of kefalonia has a surface area of 781 sq. km, with 254 km of coastline and a population of 27,000 inhabitants. The kefalonia island in Greece is connected also to Kyllini in the Peloponnese, from Poros, with Lefkada and with the coast of Aitoloakarnania opposite. During summer, kefalonia island is connected by ferry boat with Zakynthos. Besides the ferry boats the island is also connected by plane to Athens and during the summer to Zakynthos and Corfu.
kefalonia >> Sunset at the entrance of Argostoli Bay

kefalonia >> Kefalos depicted on a lekythus (480 BC) robably the name Kefalonia comes from a hero from Attica named Kefalos who fought on the island in about 5th century BC. The human presence on the island of kefalonia is dated to the Paleolithic period. During the Mycenaean period kefalonia was flourishing and the island had connections with neighboring Ithaca, Lefkada and even the far-off Cyclades. This communication was abruptly terminated in 1500 BC probably because of the great destruction caused by the eruption of the volcano on Santorini; it was restored two centuries later when the island began to flourish again. From the 11th century BC, until the end of the 7th century BC, there are few facts. In the next century the island became the Ionian Sea center for transit trade.

he 5th century BC Kefalonia was characterized mainly by the development of four important towns on the island: Krane, Pali, Pronoi and Sami. These towns were autonomous, with their own currency, united in the case of a common enemy such as the Persians, but divided during the Peloponnesian War. In 187 BC kefalonia was occupied by the Romans and became subject to Byzantium nearly six centuries later (395 AD). kefalonia >> A coin from Krane (480-431 BC)

kefalonia >> Argostoli from the book of travels by Andre Saint Sauver (1800) n 1082 the Norman baron Guiscard tried, without success, to seize the island. The endeavors of the Normans, were taken up by Venetian pirates until the island finally fell into the possession of the Orsinis in 1185. In 1483 Kefalonia was destroyed by the Turks and in 1500 recaptured by the Venetians who held on to it until 1797, when it was occupied by the French under Napoleon. The French occupation was succeeded by a brief Russian and Turkish one, until the British prevailed in 1809. The British rule came to an end in 1864 and the island was united with Greece.

ephalonia is an island of contrasts: it has quiet, windless beaches and verdant slopes, but it also has steep cliffs plunging dizzily into the sea and mountainsides clad in the deep shadow of firm forests. The climate is very mild belonging to the Mediterranean maritime category. The island of kefalonia has an efficient tourist infrastructure and is a famous destination for in the beaten and off the beaten track vacations as well.
kefalonia >> The beach of Myrtos Bay

Photos and text taken
from "Kefalonia - History-Art-Folklore-Routes"
(Toubis Editions)
kefalonia >> Toubis Editions

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